ANCE-Togo global call for solidarity to eradicate the insect Culicoïde (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) of Baguida

For two years, harmful insects invaded more than nine (9) villages in Baguida areas. The bitings are hurtful, uncomfortable and leave reddish spots on people’s bodies which become itchy for longer or shorter time. This phenomenon is increasing yearly.

For two years in Togo, Baguida areas have known strange phenomenon of harmful insects’ invasion privating the communities from their daily activities, they should wear protective clothing before getting out (hat, long sleeved shirts and pants, thick socks). The insects biting are very hurtful, uncomfortable and leave reddish spots on people’s bodies which become itchy for longer or shorter time. This phenomenon increases from year to year and currently affecting nine (9) surrounding villages (Agbata-Lanzo, Agodéké, Avépozo, Darrah Kopé, Devego, Dongbeli, Kpogan, Olibo-Kopé, Tamagni). This phenomenon hinders the communities’ activities socially and economically.

In order to fight against this insect, ANCE-Togo received financial support from World Bank through PGICT and AGAIB-Maritime to sensitize indigenous communities on hygiene and sanitation, to carry out epidemiological study on this insect and some sanitization activities in the area.

On December 2, 2016, ANCE-Togo organized in his head office based at Lomé Agbalépédogan, a workshop to validate the entomological study report on this insect in Baguida. 60 participants among which the representative of PGICT management unit, AGAIB-Maritime, WHO, administrative and traditional leaders of Baguida and its neighboring villages, Togo government representative notably the Prefectoral Directorate of the environment and Forest Resources, different NGOs representatives and many journalists participated actively in this important workshop. As a reminder, ANCE-Togo and the University of Lomé carried out jointly the entomological study which enabled the two institutions to know exactly the insect which is hematophagia belonging to Ceratopogonidae family. The insect is specifically known under the name Culicoïdes. This workshop aimed at presenting the recommendations of this study to partners for a validation.

After validation of the document, four option activities have been proposed to eradicate this harmful insect:

  • First option is chemical fight, it consists of using pyrethroid chemical insecticides of the group I & II or organophosphates insecticides, of repellent products and of chlorine ;

  • Second option is biological fight, it consists of spreading organic-insecticide on their nesting places or the potential egg-laying of the females;

  • Third option is integrated fight which is indoor spraying with chemical, use of organic insecticides, repellent products;

  • The last option is environmental sustainable management which consists of building public latrines, sanitations in villages etc.

The sanitization activities to destroy larval gîtes in the framework of this project should normally cover nine villages. But the report provided by the University had recommended the mobilization of many resources to meet the target results and esteemed that the financial resources currently at ANCE-Togo disposal are very limited, it will only help to carry out destruction of the larval gite in one or two villages over the nines been threaten. Furthermore, the harmful insect is spreading in other areas therefore an additional funding is necessary.

Mr. Esso-simna WALLA the coordinator of the current project and head of environmental department at ANCE-Togo, invites technical and financial partners for an urgent active synergy for more resources mobilization to eradicate this insect.

The Executive Director or ANCE-Togo, Dr. Fabrice Ebeh calls for global solidarity to make additional technical and financial resources available for a complete eradication of the insect in all the areas affected

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