Pesticide monitoring

In the framework of a financial support obtained from PAN Africa, PAN U.K., FAO, the Secretariat of the Rotterdam Convention and European Union, ANCE-Togo is currently implementing a project for the promotion of the Community Pesticide Action Monitoring (CPAM) method in Togo and the evaluation of the impact of the pesticides on health and environment.
This project comprises two phases. The preliminary phase and an operational phase.  In the framework of the preliminary activities of this project, ANCE developed several activities. The main characteristics of this phase are:

Context and justification of the project

According to data received from the Division of Toxicology of the Public Hospital (CHU) of Lome, there are more than 200 cases of intoxications related to the use of pesticides per annum in the commune of Lome. All the studies carried out in Togo on the impacts of the use of the pesticides reveal that local communities are completely unaware on the dangers of pesticides on health and environment.

Thus, the use of the pesticides constitutes a real problem in Togo; but there are no coherent and precise data on the social, health and environmental impacts of this use. Several cases of intoxications related to Endosulfan used in the treatment of cotton plant and the Lindane used for conservation of wood were announced. The populations themselves are unaware of the dangers of these pesticides. An active and participatory pesticides monitoring within the local communities will make it possible to be better informed on the health and environmental problems related to the use of pesticides in order to adopt sound management methods and promote sustainable existing alternatives.

Objectives of the project
Project aim

The aim of the project is to prepare, in co-operation with the National Designated Authority (NDA) of the Rotterdam Convention on PIC procedure, the representatives of the key ministries and all other key partners concerned by sound management of pesticides in Togo, a monitoring program of the impacts of the use of pesticides in communities with strong use of pesticides.

Specific objectives
In co-operation with the National Designated Authority (NDA) of the  of the Rotterdam Convention on PIC procedure, representatives of the  key ministries and all the other key partners of pesticides management in Togo:

1. To organise a two-day national workshop for the development of a Community Pesticide monitoring program. This workshop will aim to identify  the zone of monitoring, to finalize the Community strategy of  monitoring, to present and to exchange on the tools for data  collection (tools of the CPAM, PIC formula, etc.), and to define the strategy  of the use of the monitoring results.
2. To prepare the background documents necessary for the seminar  (program, strategy for the monitoring of the impacts on health and environment, the  tools for data collection, analysis fields/ cultures / pesticides  which pose more problem, data evaluation, how the collected data will be used, etc.)
3. To test the strategy and tools developed with local communities, health centre and all other local stakeholders in  the identified area and to prepare the training of the community on pesticides monitoring methods which will take place in 2007;
4. As results of the workshop and visits in the field, to prepare a report, with an executive summary, including:  strategy and instruments of data-gathering, zones of investigations, strategy for the use of the results, a calendar of activities, a work scheme and a budget for the activities of monitoring.
Activities carried out

1.  Preparatory meetings
-Identification of the number of  participants in the national workshop (30 participants)
-Implication of all the experts having  worked in POP project (preparation of the Action Plan for the implementation of Stockholm Convention on  POPs, NGOs, NGOs, technical Departments of State concerned and National designated Authorities of Rotterdam Convention, medias, etc.
-Identification and elaboration of the terms of reference, sending of the invitations  and working papers of the workshop for participants and workshop presenters
– Identification of technical working groups of the workshop

2.  Elaborate tools
Two principal tools were elaborate. These tools are:
-The tool for the choice of the project zone
-The tool for data collection in the field which is a combination of the tool elaborated PAN Asia and the formula of the Secretariat of the Rotterdam Convention.

3.  Organization of the national workshop (May 10 to 11, 2007)
4.  Workshop of test of the elaborated monitoring tools with local communities in the project zone in Dapaong, 650 km from Lomé.
5.  Adoption of the strategy of the communication of the results
This strategy is composed as follows:

O Obtaining the adhesion of the local communities
O effective implication of these communities on all the levels
O Reinforcement of the capacities local and establishment of a local team of project
O Reinforcement of the technical capabilities of NDA of Rotterdam Convention
O Promotion of lobbying and advocacy activities for the improvement of sound management of pesticides in Togo
O Assistance of NDA for the use of the  results of the project to transmit to the Secretariat of Rotterdam Convention information on the cases of intoxication, the  environmental impacts of the use of selected pesticides and where necessary  the request for inscription of the identified hazardous pesticides on the PIC list
6.  Choice of the zone of the project

The choice of the project zone was made in two stages:
– The choice was done after using the criteria of the tool elaborated by the project team and adopt during the national workshop organised in partnership with the Directorate of Environment of Togo
– Approval of this choice during the workshop organised with local stakeholders in the project zone (Dapaong on June 1, 2007).

7.  Conducting the study

The study on the impact of Endosulfan use has been conducted by ANCE team. This study took place in the Savannah Region in northern Togo. The full report of this study is downloadable in PDF on the following link: (Endosulfan Final Report)